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            美國國家公共電臺 NPR 新冠疫情爆發后百老匯的替補演員走到了中心舞臺

            時間:2022-05-08 01:26來源:互聯網 提供網友:nan ? 字體: [ ]
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              (單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)

            With COVID outbreaks, Broadway's understudies take center stage

            Transcript1

            The Broadway cast of Come From Away had to cancel a week's performances before Christmas due to a COVID-19 outbreak. When it returned, eight out of the 12 actors in the show were substitutes.

            After being silenced by COVID-19 for a year and a half, Broadway roared back in the fall — only to be tripped up by the omicron variant2 in the past couple of weeks. At one point, half the shows on Broadway were canceled. And the ones that soldiered on often did with understudies, swings and standbys: people whose job is to perform at a moment's notice to make sure the show goes on.

            While casts and backstage personnel are all vaccinated3, wear masks when not onstage and get tested daily, breakthrough infections have been spreading like wildfire. So, it's the subs who are keeping shows afloat, says Josh Breckenridge, dance captain and a standby on Come From Away, one of the shows that has recently used standby performers to fill in for sick cast members.

            "A swing is someone who's typically offstage who covers ensemble4 roles, who's ready to go on for any one of the tracks that they cover in the ensemble," he explains. "An understudy is someone who is onstage in their own track who also covers a role; maybe a supporting lead or a lead that is above them in the show. And then a standby, which is what our show is comprised of, is a principal cover. Someone who is offstage like a swing, who covers all the principal roles."

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            Hugh Jackman praises "the bedrock of Broadway"

            At a recent performance of The Music Man, star Hugh Jackman stopped the applause at the final curtain call to praise the understudies in his show, particularly actress Kathy Voytko, who stepped in for co-star Sutton Foster at the last minute.

            "It humbles5 me," he said, as phones throughout the Winter Garden theater recorded his speech. "The courage, the brilliance6, the dedication7, the talent, the swings, the understudies. They are the bedrock of Broadway." The audience erupted in applause and cheers.

            "I mean, these are unprecedented8 times," says Kathy Voytko. "Every Broadway show is actually going through something similar to this." Voytko is one of The Music Man's swings, which means she covers eight roles — including Marian the Librarian, the female lead. When she got the call to go on, she had only about four hours onstage to rehearse her part.

            She recalls: "Hugh said to me, right when I got to rehearsal9, 'Forget about perfection. Let's just go have fun and tell the story.' And that actually took the pressure off, too. And that's what we did, and we actually had a ball." And she adds, laughing: "Except for the blood pounding in my ears and the flop10 sweat, I actually had a good time."

            Meanwhile, the situation got so bad at Come From Away that the show had to cancel a week's performances before Christmas. When it resumed on Dec. 26, eight out of the 12 actors in the show were substitutes.

            "It was a collection of people that have never, ever worked together. And so we were all incredibly focused," says Marika Aubrey, who was brought in from the show's touring cast to play the character of Beverly, a pilot, and other roles, while two former actresses from the show returned and all three female standbys went on.

            Aubrey says the show is carefully choreographed11 from moment to moment: "If you drop one ball, if you put one chair on a wrong mark, if you forget someone's costume, it does have a ripple12 effect on all these other people for another four or five scenes." But, she adds, "oddly enough, it was quite a smooth show in that sense, like, there weren't any train wreck13 moments, not a lot of lines dropped ... It was very finely focused because we knew we had a very high-stakes job to do."

            Producer Randy Adams nervously14 watched the whole production from the back of the theater. Not only were there eight subs onstage, he says, but there were also some replacement15 members in the band, and the ushers16 had to add inserts to all the programs so people knew who was playing what parts. But despite the tumult17, the show was a success: "It was everybody pulling together to make it happen," Adams says, "and I have to tell you, it was one of the most joyous18 things."

            And it's a story likely to continue for some time. While some shows have closed because of COVID-19, and some — such as The Music Man and Come From Away — are on hiatus until after the new year, most shows are up and running again because of those subs.

            "Understudies, swings, standbys, they are the unsung heroes of every season," says Adams. "I think they are being moved front and center at the moment, and we can never thank them enough for all that they do in order to make a Broadway run on a regular basis. But right now, they are truly the folks who are keeping the lights on in these theaters."


            點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

            1 transcript JgpzUp     
            n.抄本,謄本,副本,肄業證書
            參考例句:
            • A transcript of the tapes was presented as evidence in court.一份錄音帶的文字本作為證據被呈交法庭。
            • They wouldn't let me have a transcript of the interview.他們拒絕給我一份采訪的文字整理稿。
            2 variant GfuzRt     
            adj.不同的,變異的;n.變體,異體
            參考例句:
            • We give professional suggestions according to variant tanning stages for each customer.我們針對每位顧客不同的日曬階段,提供強度適合的曬黑建議。
            • In a variant of this approach,the tests are data- driven.這個方法的一個變種,是數據驅動的測試。
            3 vaccinated 8f16717462e6e6db3389d0f736409983     
            [醫]已接種的,種痘的,接種過疫菌的
            參考例句:
            • I was vaccinated against tetanus. 我接種了破傷風疫苗。
            • Were you vaccinated against smallpox as a child? 你小時候打過天花疫苗嗎?
            4 ensemble 28GyV     
            n.合奏(唱)組;全套服裝;整體,總效果
            參考例句:
            • We should consider the buildings as an ensemble.我們應把那些建筑物視作一個整體。
            • It is ensemble music for up to about ten players,with one player to a part.它是最多十人演奏的合奏音樂,每人擔任一部分。
            5 humbles 4fc5cee22f1c46ed04e78f21686feccb     
            v.使謙恭( humble的第三人稱單數 );輕松打?。ㄓ戎笍姶蟮膶κ郑?;低聲下氣
            參考例句:
            • The LORD sends poverty and wealth; he humbles and he exalts. 他使人貧窮、使人富足.人卑微、使人高貴。 來自互聯網
            • Do you see how Ahab humbles himself before Me? 29亞哈在我面前這樣自卑,你看見了么? 來自互聯網
            6 brilliance 1svzs     
            n.光輝,輝煌,壯麗,(卓越的)才華,才智
            參考例句:
            • I was totally amazed by the brilliance of her paintings.她的繪畫才能令我驚歎不已。
            • The gorgeous costume added to the brilliance of the dance.華麗的服裝使舞蹈更加光彩奪目。
            7 dedication pxMx9     
            n.奉獻,獻身,致力,題獻,獻辭
            參考例句:
            • We admire her courage,compassion and dedication.我們欽佩她的勇氣、愛心和奉獻精神。
            • Her dedication to her work was admirable.她對工作的奉獻精神可欽可佩。
            8 unprecedented 7gSyJ     
            adj.無前例的,新奇的
            參考例句:
            • The air crash caused an unprecedented number of deaths.這次空難的死亡人數是空前的。
            • A flood of this sort is really unprecedented.這樣大的洪水真是十年九不遇。
            9 rehearsal AVaxu     
            n.排練,排演;練習
            參考例句:
            • I want to play you a recording of the rehearsal.我想給你放一下彩排的錄像。
            • You can sharpen your skills with rehearsal.排練可以讓技巧更加純熟。
            10 flop sjsx2     
            n.失敗(者),撲通一聲;vi.笨重地行動,沉重地落下
            參考例句:
            • The fish gave a flop and landed back in the water.魚撲通一聲又跳回水里。
            • The marketing campaign was a flop.The product didn't sell.市場宣傳徹底失敗,產品賣不出去。
            11 choreographed e69e62ff0b4ac8f0ef92f76df34833c1     
            v.設計舞蹈動作( choreograph的過去式和過去分詞 )
            參考例句:
            • There was some carefully choreographed flag-waving as the President drove by. 總統的車經過時,人們按精心編排的動作揮舞著旗幟。
            • Achim had choreographed the dance in Act II himself. 阿希姆自己設計了第2幕的舞蹈動作。 來自辭典例句
            12 ripple isLyh     
            n.漣波,漣漪,波紋,粗鋼梳;vt.使...起漣漪,使起波紋; vi.呈波浪狀,起伏前進
            參考例句:
            • The pebble made a ripple on the surface of the lake.石子在湖面上激起一個漣漪。
            • The small ripple split upon the beach.小小的漣漪卷來,碎在沙灘上。
            13 wreck QMjzE     
            n.失事,遇難;沉船;vt.(船等)失事,遇難
            參考例句:
            • Weather may have been a factor in the wreck.天氣可能是造成這次失事的原因之一。
            • No one can wreck the friendship between us.沒有人能夠破壞我們之間的友誼。
            14 nervously tn6zFp     
            adv.神情激動地,不安地
            參考例句:
            • He bit his lip nervously,trying not to cry.他緊張地咬著唇,努力忍著不哭出來。
            • He paced nervously up and down on the platform.他在站臺上情緒不安地走來走去。
            15 replacement UVxxM     
            n.取代,替換,交換;替代品,代用品
            參考例句:
            • We are hard put to find a replacement for our assistant.我們很難找到一個人來代替我們的助手。
            • They put all the students through the replacement examination.他們讓所有的學生參加分班考試。
            16 ushers 4d39dce0f047e8d64962e1a6e93054d1     
            n.引座員( usher的名詞復數 );招待員;門房;助理教員v.引,領,陪同( usher的第三人稱單數 )
            參考例句:
            • Seats clicked, ushers bowed while he looked blandly on. 座位發出啪啦啪啦的聲響,領座員朝客人們鞠躬,而他在一邊溫和殷勤地看著。 來自英漢文學 - 嘉莉妹妹
            • The minister then offers a brief prayer of dedication, and the ushers return to their seats. 于是牧師又做了一個簡短的奉獻的祈禱,各招待員也各自回座位。 來自辭典例句
            17 tumult LKrzm     
            n.喧嘩;激動,混亂;吵鬧
            參考例句:
            • The tumult in the streets awakened everyone in the house.街上的喧嘩吵醒了屋子里的每一個人。
            • His voice disappeared under growing tumult.他的聲音消失在越來越響的喧嘩聲中。
            18 joyous d3sxB     
            adj.充滿快樂的;令人高興的
            參考例句:
            • The lively dance heightened the joyous atmosphere of the scene.輕快的舞蹈給這場戲渲染了歡樂氣氛。
            • They conveyed the joyous news to us soon.他們把這一佳音很快地傳遞給我們。
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